8/5/10 Completing and implementing pages for Aster kingii var. kingii (seems best to leave this under Aster and follow instead A Utah Flora (Welsh et al, 2008, 4ed) but note that this is treated by FNA under the genus Herrickia and synonyms have been added accordingly; King's woody aster was included in the
1991 "blue book" and is now makes it first full appearance here; while it is known to occur very close to Wasatch Co., Wasatch Co. is not a confirmed location and the reference to Wasatch Co. on NatureServe is due to a software assumption and not a verified occurrence/observation; pictures were lacking for this taxon in the 1991 guide; the Kaye Thorne drawing is again used here and was scanned from this UNPS publication:
Utah Native Plant Society. 1981. Utah's colorful natives. Illustrations by Kaye Thorne. Text by Duane Atwood and Kaye Thorne. Salt Lake City, UT: Sun Lithographing Company. 8 pp. (unpaginated). Funded by UNPS, State Arboretum of Utah, University of Utah Lallapalooza, and Children's Art Discovery Project.
8/5/10 Updating the synonymy for Aster kingii var. barnebyana (a taxon that has been questioned but seems to be distinct) and updating the map and some comments
8/9/10 Move the two Lesquerella taxa to Physaria, adding back the "blue book" picture taken by Duane Atwood for P. garrettii, adding more pictures for P. tumulosa, replacing maps, synonym additions, elevation range and misc. changes
8/9/10 Ivesia utahensis changes re: elevation, habitat description and and distribution (incl. an additional county) and add/replace various pictures and replace/update map
8/10/10 Astragalus piscator pictures obtained in June from Sarah Topp added; prior pictures from Colorado retained for comparison (Colorado plant's flowers are pale lilac, Utah pics seem to show a plant with white flowers suffused with purple and red-purple keels; and while fruits are
usually the much more critical character, flower characteristics are important too); closeup pictures and other updates also incorporated
8/11/10 Added upper elevation range of 10,500 (first being reported here; other sources have indicated a high of 2900 meters i.e. 9,500 ft) for Boechera lasiocarpa based on an observation made today by Blake Wellard on Little Cottonwood Canyon ridgelines (a small pocket of plants as is typical for this species, growing in general vicinity of Aster kingii var. kingii); also
update map for this species to newer style
8/12/10 Adding preliminarily some additional synonym, variant (new section that will be used when needed) and FNA treatment comments for Stephanomeria tenuifolia var. uintaensis (which will probably be dropped from the guide in the near future)
and Cirsium virginense (which will be retained but moved to Cirsium mohavense)
8/13/10 Removing a variety of Draba maguirei tentatively added here in 2004 that had been planned for publication in 2005 and so was referenced "in ed."; that publication has not occurred and therefore reference to that variety has been, for now, removed; meanwhile ultimately it is expected that
Draba maguirei will be represented by upper and lower elevation taxa at varietal rank, and accordingly various related changes to D. maguirei text and incorporating pictures for lower elevation form; adding to D. burkei distribution and map replacement and minor text changes; correcting and completing synonyms for Primula maguirei and P. domensis
8/21/10 Updating the upper elevation range of Viola frank-smithii based on IF Vol. 2B (2005) as well as the flowering time (based also on NYBG specimens) and exposing a picture we had previously received permission to use plus adding additional comments
8/21/10 Adding closeup pic for Carex haysii and some text updates/changes (FNA treats as part of C. curatorum)
8/21/10 Adding replacment/additional pics for Viola clauseniana, elevation range/flowering time previously missing and added
8/21/10 Adding additional pics for Viola charlestonensis, elevation range/flowering times changed, distribution in other states updated.
8/21/10 Adding additional pics for Lepidium ostleri, newer map (same for others above)
8/22/10 Change text to indicate that the spur of V. frank-smithii is lime-colored (thanks to Frank "Buddy" Smith for that information; he also confirms that
the plant is normally not found above 5,900 ft. elev. and is restricted to limestone crevices).
8/23/10 Astragalus desereticus elevation range changed to read "5,320-5,780" feet based on the work of Robert Fitts of the Utah Natural Heritage Program (and thanks to Ben Franklin of the UNHP for this information);
previously the range was reported in this guide as 5,600 to 5,900 ft. based on Welsh (2008 and prior). Barneby in the Intermountain Flora Vol. 3B series reported the range as 1600 to 2000 m or about 5,250 to 6,560 ft. The range as reported by
Welsh has been a few hundred feet too high on both ends, and the range as reported by Barneby was somewhat too low and also too high. An NYBG specimen reports an elevation of 5,000 ft which is inaccurate, and Neese specimens at 6,000 ft may have simply been rough estimates. Most of the plants are on sandy slopes east of (and which also adjoin) the highway and in a very narrow range of 5,400 to 5,700 ft range (the Fitts surveys however for the first
time located plants west of the highway as well and hence an elevation of less than 5,400 ft); also additional/replacement pictures added for this federally listed species.
8/23/10 Sphaeraclea gierischii flowering times and elevation range information changes/additions; the overall range for the species in Utah and Arizona based on the best available information is roughly 750 m to 1300 m (2,475 ft to 4,265 ft); the lowest elevation for the
species is in Utah and while NY Specimen ID 25023 (Thorne 3749 4/29/1985) from Utah reported an elev. of 732 meters (2,400 ft.), the Virgin River at that location is essentially at 2,450 ft. and based also on an April 30, 2005 field visit, the lowest elevation that plants were observed was 2,475 ft. (previously the guide indicated an elevation of "around 2400 ft." with no additional information); the upper limit of the elevation
for the restricted range of this species where it occurs in Utah is 2,760 ft., the range beyond that involving plants that occur in adjacent Arizona; in Utah the flowering time is most typically mid to late April to early May (previously the guide did not provide any flowering period information).
8/23/10 Adding Robin A. Jess drawing of Penstemon petiolatus reproduced with permission of the publisher, The New York Botanical Garden (see acknowledgements section); drawing annotations to be added later.
8/24/10 Angelica wheeleri additional pictures, add two counties to distribution, changes to elevation range, newer map
8/28/10 Adding Bobbi Angell drawing of Physaria lepidota var. membranacea and related drawing text annotations, range/habitat description adjustments, replacement comments and map, acknowledgements.
8/29/10 Add (northwestern) Davis Co. to the distribution of Aster kingii var. kingii based on an observations made yesterday by Blake Wellard and documented with pictures and collections to be deposited at WSCO and UT; updated map.
8/30/10 Change the name of the federally listed Glaucocarpum suffrutescens to Schoenocrambe suffrutescens as treated by Welsh (2008 and prior) and by Holmgren (2005, Intermountain Flora Vol. 2B) and reference the FNA treatments, update synonyms, changes to elevation, comments, update map; synonym updates to S. argillacea and S. barnebyi in light of FNA Vol. 7 (we will also maintain under Schoenocrambe for now and as treated by two prominent and recent local floras) and map, elevation range, other updates.
8/31/10 Updates/addition to the references (on the acknowledgements page), add category for taxa not yet reviewed by the UNPS rare plant committee and begin to use it, some misc. minor taxonomic/variant updates to various species
9/1/10 Attempting to add some further clarification concerning references to the federally listed Schoenocrambe suffrutescens. This (along with S. barnebyi and S. argillacea) has to be one of the most frequently misspelled taxons in the Utah flora.
The frequent misspelling of "Schoencrambe" [sic] may have begun with the appearance of Schoencrambe [sic] linifolia by Welsh & Reveal (1977) in an early treatment of the mustard family (see p. 349). When barnebyi and argillacea were switched from Thelypodiopsis to Schoenocrambe in 1982 by Rollins, they were accordingly moved
by Welsh et al in the initial A Utah Flora in 1987 prior to which Welsh & Chatterley (1985) moved Glaucocarpum suffrutescens to Schoenocrambe suffrutescens
but followed the previously used incorrect spelling of "Schoencrambe" (and not only that, also referred to it as "Schoenecrambe" in the abstract, plus referred to the prior genus name as "Glaucocarpon" instead of Glaucocarpum creating additional confusion) and then a generation of publications by various authors followed perpetuating the misspelling. Also, while federally listed under the genus Glaucocarpum, the FWS officially changed to Schoenocrambe in 1992
(see 57 FR 1398). Al-Shehbaz (2005) has since moved the three federally listed taxa to the genus Hesperidanthus which here has been referenced as a synonym until it receives more widespread and common use locally. Schoenocrambe linifolia, not a rare plant but perhaps the cause of
all of the original misspellings, was moved back to Sisymbrium by Al-Shehbaz (2005) (as S. linifolium).
9/17/10 In light of a Holmgren & Holmgren 2010 Brittonia publication, add synonyms to Corydalis caseana subsp. brachycarpa and to Aquilegia loriae retaining the prior names used previously here (and per Welsh 2008) and updating the maps for both at the same time, and
making some minor changes to the C. caseana subsp. brachycarpa elevation ranges. Until the other currently recognized subspecies of C. caseana are formally also designated as varieties, it seems prudent for the purpose of the guide to retain the subspecies designation and even though we would support this kind of change generally (i.e. the use of varieties over subspecies in plant taxonomy).
Concerning A. loriae, changing it to a variety of A. micrantha may be appropriate but currently we cannot evaluate that change (the rationale was not provided in the 2010 publication) but which will presumably be contained in the future (2012?) publication of IF Vol. 2A. So for now we will indicate both as synonyms for these reasons and
not because there is necessarily disagreement.
9/18/10 Changing Aquilegia formosa var. fosteri to A. fosteri per Welsh (2003 and 2008). Welsh notes that this species was annotated by A.T. Whitmore as belonging in some part to a look-alike species, A. desertorum (which however lacks glandular pubescence and occurs in northern Arizona and has not been indicated as occuring in Utah in local floras although FNA Vol. 3 indicates that it does barely extend into Utah). However, in FNA Vol. 3, fosteri is not mentioned
under A. desertorum but it is discussed under A. formosa where it is indicated that "it has little in common with A. formosa and its relatives" but it is otherwise not treated nor synonymized. Much more study is indeed needed in this group, but treating this as a species and as per Welsh seems appears to be the only logical course of action; updated the map and also adding the April Jensen drawing previously completed in 2007 along with annotations, and changes to the comments.
9/18/10 Changing Eriogonum brevicaule var. loganum to E. loganum, and Eriogonum batemanii var. ostlundii to Eriogonum ostlundii as treated in FNA Vol. 5, and also making various habitat, elevation, drawing comments, distribution and technical comments which were provided by Dr. James Reveal in July of 2006 when he reviewed the Eriogonum entities then included in this guide (we are grateful for this and for other assistance Dr. Reveal has provided)
9/19/10 In adding some pictures by Dr. James L. Reveal with permission for the Logan buckwheat, learned that based on some more recent work by Dr. Reveal and Ben Grady that this taxon will be treated as a variety of brevicaule in the upcoming FNA Vol 2A (and this is also in accordance with treatments by Welsh) and so change the name back while adding the additional pictures.
9/20/10 Adding new taxonomy/description/scope section to the Introduction, some verbiage changes to the main species/taxa page; also in removing Rich Co. in the distribution of Eriogonum brevicaule var. loganum per confirmation from Dr. Reveal; based on NY 243212 (Thorne 3213 of 6/3/1983) add Box Elder Co. to the distribution and this also appears to be the lowest known elevation of this taxon so far; remove Franklin Co. ID since there do not appear to be confirmed observations or collections from there (although it is has been found very close to the UT-ID line; see the Feb. 2003 field report by Michael Mancuso of the Idaho Conservation Center indicating that it had not as of then been found in Idaho).
9/21/10 Adding (southern) Sanpete Co. to the distribution of Eriogonum ostlundii based on Franklin (2005) which in turn was based on field observation forms submitted by Lori Armstrong; other than in Franklin, Sanpete Co. has not previously been indicated as a county of distribution for this taxon in published floras.
9/22/10 Based on information provided by Dr. Leila Shulz, add comment to Schoenocrambe argillacea concerning a species that may be confused with this one, also add May 1979 photos by Dr. Shultz for S. argillacea and S. suffrutescens.
9/27/10 Add habitat shot and some additional closeups taken on 9/26/10 for Astragalus sabulosus var. vehiculus and make a slight downward adjustment to the low elevation based on an observed plant and update the map consistent with other more recent changes and update the PDF which had not previously been updated since 2004.
10/11/10 Add Colorado to the distribution of Senecio fremontii var. inexpectatus, add higher elevation range based on a Cronquist NYBG specimen and lower range based on FNA Vol. 20, update the map to better show its distribution, and add some variant information since the varietal name
was misspelled in FNA Vol. 20 and that misspelling has been picked by Welsh et al (2008) and now others. The correct name and as named by Cronquist in Intermountain Flora Vol. 5 is inexpectatus.
10/18/10 Changing Swertia gypiscola to Frasera gypscicola not only because Frasera appears to be more widely accepted but also in preparation for the addition here of a new Utah rare plant species just published in the genus Frasera and therefore it would be inconsistent to retain the genus of gypsicola as Swertia. In the process review available on-line collections and updating
elevation ranges and descriptions in based in part on Smith (2000);
Utah's restricted range for this species is mainly at lower elevations than Nevada; Cronquist specimen #11838 is reported as 1700m (5,577 ft) but that elevation cannot be correct and was likely more like 5,050 ft. as there is little elevational variation where it is currently known in Utah;
there are also early June flowering collections and a White Pine Co. NV specimen collected Aug. 17 in flower so the flowering time range has been updated, map updated, diagram re-proportioned and more annotations added; incorporating information also based on Fitts (2008).
10/21/10 Update Sphaeromeria capitata's distribution and elevation based on new information contained in Welsh (2008); map update.
10/26/10 Adding the newly described Frasera ackermanae with pictures previously provided by Sherel Goodrich.
11/28/10 Adding April Jensen drawing (2007, illustrated specifically for the URPG) of Dodecatheon pulchellum var. zionense and re-writing and updating the entire description and adding an additional picture
12/2/10 Coordinating some changes from the UNPS rare plant list (see Nov-Dec 2010 issue, p. 15): Carex specuicola, a listed species, has been upgraded from High to Ex-High;
changed from Watch to High: Carex haysii, Erigeron kachinensis and Phacelia indecora ;
changed from Medium to Watch: Penstemon navajoa; some other changes were made to taxa not yet listed here (but see the XLS list) on the species page;
Mentzelia argillosa which was in the 1991 book but not previously in the guide has been added with a simple listing for now with more to come, and the status of all "extremely high" synchronized with the UNPS rare
plant committee list; as of now there are 32 taxa with a priority designation of exH (extremely high)
12/4/10 Removed the globally rare Viola lithion because it has never been found in Utah (more explanation to follow) - it occurs as far as is known only in Nevada
12/4/10 Updated the map for Potentilla cottamii, added 2010 drawings from April Jensen for Yucca sterilis (never previously illustrated to our knowledge)
Eriogonum mitophyllum (drawn in 2010), and a replacement drawing for
Eriogonum brevicaule var. loganum (also drawn in 2010), along with the map updates to these pages and drawing annotations, etc.
12/6/10 Drawing annotations/comments added for Boechera lasiocarpa